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To understand the aforementioned topics, there are chronicles investigated in Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Mexico, the United States, Italy, and Spain in this volume, written by five journalists who have been staring into this abyss for the last eight years. Several of the texts in this book have won some of the most important journalistic prizes on the continent.

See All Customer Reviews. Shop Books. Read an excerpt of this book! Add to Wishlist. USD Buy Online, Pick up in Store is currently unavailable, but this item may be available for in-store purchase. Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Product Details About the Author. Show More. In any case, the theory of the abbreviation should be supported by proof3. Finding support in Lang's argument for an older date because of an older version of the Poema del Cid in the CVR than in the PCG, he bases his reasoning on the hypothesis that legends or semi-legendary tales, once incorporated into a history, go through periods of growth and evolution.

Thus, the version showing the most change must be considered to be older than the ones showing little or no evolution. While the absence of certain episodes may not be proof positive of the priority of that version over another, it is the opinion of Babbitt that, in the absence of anything contradictory, it must be significant. Babbitt's argument can be best summed up by the following statement :. If it was the usual practice to use the most up-to-date arrangement, why should we not consider the existence of a 12th Century version in a certain chronicle strong evidence that the said chronicle was composed before other works containing 14th Century versions of the same poem?

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Certainly we should ask for fairly conclusive evidence to the contrary before setting aside such indications of comparative date. With the disappearance of the Abbreviation theory, these explanations are no longer necessary, it seems to me. We now have a perfectly clear case of two chronicles containing variants of the same legends,.

What is there to combat the obvious conclusion1? He also notes that the relations between the CVR and the PC G change abruptly at that point, indicating a later date of composition for the last part.


At the end of the last chapter of the reign of Vermudo III we find the following passage :. From the manuscripts we gather that the chronicle included in its primitive form, the second and third parts of some work compiled under the orders of Alfonso the Wise, and that it was a history of eleven kings.

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In the minds of the compilers of the Once Reyes he may well have been. Here is the order of the kings as they appear in the chronicle :. Thus, concludes Babbitt, the CVR is not a homogeneous work written, at one time, but rather a compilation, derived from different sources and at different periods2.

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The next study of great importance to deal with the CVR appeared in , when L. Although too lengthy to present in their entirety, let us summarize briefly the conclusions of Cintra4.

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In the opinion of the Portuguese, shortly after , there was written. From this rough draft, now lost, came the two conserved versions of the Alfonsine work, the version regia and the version vulgar. A short time later three writers, or groups of editors worked with the original work copy. The first simply abbreviated or reworked the original, retouching some points of chronology. The second left the beginning intact, retouched the part from Fernando I to Alfonso VI, including traditions unknown or not taken advantage of in the first redaction, and continued the account to the death of Alfonso VI.

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Cintra explains the genesis of the CVR as follows :. Digo esto para rechazar la opinion de Th. He designates as the Version amplificada de the text which was elaborated and amplified, beginning in , under the reign of Sancho IV, and sees in its utilization for the PCG of the cause for the errors of Babbitt and Cintra. This passage, according to. Thus, while recognizing the essential value of both studies, he sees both Babbitt and Cintra as dealing, at times, with problemas inexistentes1.


Proctor3 that the PCG must have been finished at least in a preliminary draft during the reign of Alfonso X. Until now, little has been said about the structure of the CVR. It is necessary, at this point, before treating the next study of the CVR, to deal with the compilatory technique of the CVR.

At points there appear in the PCG, beside perfectly completed passages, structurally incomplete fragments. While the PCG account results in historical errors handling this passage the CVR, remaining faithful to the sources and the compilatory technique, harmonizes the double account into a single narration 2.

He cites first the two fundamental principles of Luc de Bruges and J. Griesbach3 : 1 that the best account is not determined by the number of manuscripts which contain it, but rather by its quality, and 2 that the intrinsic value of a passage is to be in agreement with the habits of the author, his ideas, and his style. Thus, dealing with an historical work, the best version is the one best in accord with the historical sources used and with the historical method used in the composition of that particular work.

La CVR sigue representando Thus, he concludes, the more advanced epic evolution, the greater tolerance with the fantasies of the juglares, the incongruity of some accounts, the amplified narration after the reign of Fernando I, the break of historiographie procedure, the disorder and repetition of important events and the lacunas of the texts of the two versions of the PC G convince us that this historical text represents a very advanced working of a previous text. Let us now summarize, as briefly as possible, the conclusions of the scholars who have dealt with the CVR.

He disagrees with the thesis of Babbitt that the different epic evolution between the CVR and the PC G is significant, and dismisses the theory that the author of the CVR, through his critical spirit, preferred the more archaic of the cantares de gesta.

He defends the romance historical genre and the utilization of the borrador compilatorio. The CVR, on the other hand, continues with its previous method of utilizing the sources. Larry L. University of Colorado. Ducazcal, , p. Evelyn S. Babbitt tends to disagree with this count of kings, however, asserting the following